Theoretical work

The major theoretical frameworks used in our work are Distributed Cognition, Embodied Cognition and Situated Cognition. We also draw on ideas and methods from Dynamic Systems and Ecological Psychology approaches to cognition. Our theoretical models contribute to the emerging ‘4E’ (Embodied, Enactive, Embedded, Extended) theoretical frameworks in cognition.

Selected publications


  • Hands in mind: learning to write with both hands improves inhibitory control, but not attention. (Accepted at CogSci 2019) pdf
  • Recombinant building: the ability to generate and recombine navigation structures is hard to acquire using just reinforcement learning. (Accepted at CogSci 2019) pdf
  • Recombinant enaction: manipulatives generate new procedures in the imagination, by extending and recombining action spaces. pdf
  • Eye to I: Males Recognize Own Eye Movements, Females Inhibit Recognition pdf

Representational Competence

  • Representational competence: Towards a distributed and embodied cognition account pdf

Model Based Reasoning

  • Beyond Telling: Where New Computational Media is Taking Model-Based Reasoning pdf


  • Doing to being: farming actions in a community coalesce into pro-environment motivations and values pdf
  • Beyond Efficiency: Engineering for Sustainability Requires Solving for Pattern pdf
  • Sum, Quorum, Tether: design principles for external representations that promote sustainability pdf
  • The socio-technical connection is plastic, but only when design starts from problem identification pdf

Building, Discovery and Innovation

  • Rethinking correspondence: how the process of constructing models leads to discoveries and transfer in the bioengineering sciences pdf
  • Building Cognition: the Construction of Computational Representations for Scientific Discovery pdf
  • Becoming Knowledge: Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms That Support Scientific Intuition pdf